How to care for cats after tooth extraction
Tooth extraction in cats is a rather complicated surgery. Moreover, it is also the most frequent operation in veterinary dentistry. In most cases, the owners notice a problem and go to the vet when it is no longer possible to save a tooth. The only solution is to remove it.
For tooth extraction, you need to contact an experienced specialist. He will remove a bad tooth, but will also take into account all the necessary points: any contraindications, method of anesthesia, and the proper time for the surgery. But how to care for a cat after tooth extraction?
What should you know before surgery?
Before removing the tooth, check the animal for contraindications, which include:
- Severe somatic disease in the acute phase;
- Some disorders of the cardiovascular system;
- High or low body temperature;
- Viral or bacterial infections;
- Multiple sclerosis;
- Coagulopathy (bleeding disorder).
When is a tooth extraction necessary?
Tooth removal may be necessary if a tooth is so severely damaged or broken that it cannot be repaired with a dental restoration such as a crown. Additionally, impacted teeth may need to be extracted because they cannot erupt properly. There are situations when it is impossible to do without tooth extraction:
Retention of permanent teeth
When milk teeth change to permanent, resorption of the roots of milk teeth happens. Sometimes this process is delayed or occurs partially, and then a permanent tooth grows next to the milk tooth. It leads to all sorts of negative consequences.
This problem is most common in upper cat fangs. The teeth of cats are generally quite fragile, and the fangs have a shape that is prone to fracture. When the enamel is fractured exposing the dentin, the affected tooth can become very sensitive to heat, cold, and pressure. In cats, the enamel is relatively thin, and even a chip fracture needs attention. It is a far worse scenario when the pulp is exposed.
It is a group of diseases accompanied by damage to the hard and soft tissues surrounding the teeth.
Periostitis is an inflammation of the periosteum. It expresses in swelling of the gums and severe pain.
This severe inflammatory disease affects the tooth and jawbones. It develops as a complication of caries, purulent pulpitis, or periodontitis. The vet has to extract all teeth in the affected area.
What are the possible complications after tooth extraction?
Complications after tooth extraction are rare. Gums usually heal quickly, but possible complications include:
Alveolitis of the socket
Alveolitis is an inflammatory process that can develop in the wound after tooth extraction due to infection. After tooth removal, a blood clot that has protective functions forms. If it did not form, the healing process stops. It leads to saliva and food debris collection in the wound. The rotting of this mixture provokes the rapid development of infection. Outwardly, it looks like a hole with a gray or greenish decaying clot. In this case, the doctor carefully processes the injury and makes a new mass. There is a specific sponge that you should put in the wound.
If the bleeding after tooth extraction does not stop for a long time, the doctor clamps the wound with a gauze swab. He can also use hemostatic drugs. If the socket is too large, the vet has to suture it.
Damage to an adjacent tooth
In this case, you should treat the affected tooth. If there are some problems with it, the vet will extract it too.
Damage to the jaw
When removing the teeth of the lower jaw, the doctor applies significant force. And he can accidentally break the jaw. A jaw fracture is possible in the case of severe periodontitis when the jawbones are weak. And in the case of osteomyelitis, when the jaw bone has thinned. To ensure the stiffness of the bone and healing of the fracture, the doctors use a specific design.
Fainting, shock, collapse
In this case, the doctor does resuscitation.
How to care for a pet after tooth extraction?
After tooth removal, you need to follow a few simple rules:
- Do not feed the animal for the first few hours. A clot should form in the mouth, helping to accelerate the healing process of the wound.
- Feed the cat only soft food.
- After feeding, rinse the wound with an antiseptic solution. You can use solutions of chamomile for this purpose.
- In case of injury to a large number of surrounding tissues, give your pet painkillers.
Recommendations for caring for a cat after such an operation
Strictly follow the advice of your veterinarian.
The word of a veterinarian is the law. Follow the recommendations and do not practice self-medication. If the doctor prescribed antibiotics to the cat, give it antibiotics. And do it exactly as many days as it should be, even if it seems to you that the pet has already recovered. The success of rehabilitation depends on it.
Monitor the condition of the pet.
If possible, take leave in the first days after surgery. A weakened cat will need your help and careful monitoring of the condition: temperature, appearance, etc. A veterinarian’s phone should always be on hand. In case of deterioration or if you have questions, be sure to contact him.
Make your cat the perfect place to relax.
During the day after the operation, the cat may have weak coordination due to previous anesthesia. So that it does not accidentally fall and injure itself, find a calm, warm place on the floor. It should be away from windows, doors, and household appliances. If your cat is not yet strong enough, it is undesirable to put it on tall objects (bed or chair).
Also, after surgery, the temperature of cats drops. The owner’s task is to prevent the pet from freezing. To do this, use a warm blanket.
During the rehabilitation period, the animal needs rest. Other pets, children, loud noise, and other irritants should not bother him. Rest and sleep are essential steps to recovery.
Limit physical activity.
For the first time after surgery, physical activity is a contraindication for cats. Over time, the life of the pet will again become active and energetic. But how quickly this should happen – ask your veterinarian.
As you see, even such uncomplicated surgery as a tooth extraction can cause different problems. And caring for your cat during this time will help to speed up the rehabilitation process. Do not forget about simple rules that help to prevent many teeth diseases:
- thorough hygiene,
- preventive examinations,
- timely appeal for help.
And your pet will be healthy and happy.